What is Utilitarianism?
Utilitarianism is a school of thought, neutral as to ends, that holds
that social cooperation, ethical precepts and governments are, or should be,
merely useful means for helping the immense majority attain their chosen
ends. It holds that the ultimate standard of good or bad as to means is the
desirability or undesirability of their effects. It rejects the notions of
human equality, of natural law, of government as an instrument to enforce
the laws of God or Destiny; and of any social entity, such as society or the
State, as an ultimate end. It recommends popular government, private
property, tolerance, freedom and equality under law not because they are
natural or just but because they are beneficial to the general welfare.